Research Resource Core Laboratory

Noraida Martinez-Rivera

Senior Optical Microscopist
Primary office:
(785) 864-4380
Haworth Hall
Room 1043
University of Kansas
1200 Sunnyside Ave.
Lawrence, KS 66045


Areas of Interest: Neuroethology and Sensory Ecology, Immunohistochemistry, Microscopy, Diversity, Science Education, Mentoring

Dr. Noraida Martinez-Rivera completed a bachelor's degree in Coastal Marine Biology at the University of Puerto Rico- Humacao. She completed a Ph.D. in Ecology and Neurobiology at the University of Puerto Rico- Rio Piedras in 2015. Her research focused on mechanosensory receptors and their role in modulating an innate sexually dimorphic behavior.  In the of fall 2015, she joined Dr.Rosa-Molinar as a postdoctoral researcher at The University of Kansas, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology. Her research is focused on axo-somatic mixed synapses, a poorly studied synapses that combine the features of chemical and electrical synapses (i.e., gap junction) on sensory (i.e., supramedullary and spinal cord dorsal neurons) neurons within the spinal cord. She and her other lab members are developing, testing, and applying innovative approaches and technologies to enable new and radial insights into synaptic geometry. Dr. Martinez-Rivera has served as the course manager of the Immunohistochemistry and Microscopy course offered at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA since spring 2010.Dr. Martinez-Rivera served as a FASEB/MARC Mentor since 2016.

Selected Publications

Song, J.Y., Larsona, N.R., Thatia, S., Torres-Vazquez, I.I., Martinez-Rivera, N., Subelzu, N.J., Leon, M.A., Rosa-Molinar, E., Schöneich, C., Laid Forest, M., Middaugh, C.R., and Berkland, C.J. 2019.  Glatiramer acetate persists at the injection site and draining lymph nodes via electrostatically-induced aggregation.  J. Controlled Release 293: 36-47. URL:


Thapa-Chetri, P.S., Santiago-Robles, C.A., Martinez-Rivera, N., Torres-Vazquez, I.I., Joshi, V.N., Powell, R.D., and Rosa-Molinar, E. 2017. Development and characterization of nanoparticles as imaging probes for correlative optical and electron microscopy, IEEE 17th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO), Pittsburgh, PA, pp.159-163.  doi: 10.1109/NANO.2017.8117452


Shinogle-Decker, H., Martinez-Rivera, N., O’Brien, J., Powell, R. D., Joshi, V. N., Connell, S., and Rosa-Molinar, E. 2018.  Correlative FRET: new method improves rigor and reproducibility in determining distances within synaptic nanoscale architecture. Proceeding Volume 10499, Three-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing XXV, 1049920; SPIE BiOS, 2018, San Francisco, California. United States. URL: 2290806


Tellechea, J. S., Román-Busó, G. and Martínez-Rivera, N. 2013. Distribution of manatees and noise near a coastal power plant. Caribbean Journal of Science, 47(2-3):363-366URL:


Rivera-Rivera, N.L., Martínez-Rivera, N., Torres-Vázquez, I.I., Serrano-Vélez-, J.L., Lauder, G.V., and Rosa-Molinar, E. 2010. A male Poecillid’s sexually dimorphic body plan, behavior, and nervous system. Int. Comp. Biol. 50(6):1081–1090. URL:


Ramírez, A., de Jesús, R., Martinó-Cardona, D.M., Martínez-Rivera, N., and Burgos-Caraballo, S. 2009. Urban streams in Puerto Rico: what can we learn from the tropics? J. North Am. Benthol. Soc. 28(4):1070-1079. URL:


Peer-Reviewed Book Chapter

Martínez-Rivera, N., Serrano-Vélez, J.L., Lauder, G.V., and Rosa-Molinar, E. 2010. New insights into Gambusia behavior. For: Viviparous Fishes II Mari Carmen Uribe and Harry J. Grier, book editors. New Life Publications, Homestead, Florida. Pp.193-199.


Peer-Reviewed Abstracts

Martínez-Rivera N., Serrano-Vélez J.L., Torres-Vázquez I.I., Rosa-Molinar E. 2014. Superficial neuromasts as proprioceptive receptors in Poeciliid fish. FASEB J28: Supplement 1050.11 (Abstract).


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Dr. Eduardo Rosa-Molinar

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